African Swine Fever: how to stay one step ahead


African swine fever is a viral disease of pigs
and wild boar that is usually deadly. There are neither vaccines nor cures. For this reason, it has serious socio-economic
consequences in affected countries. The virus can persist for several months
in the environment and in carcasses. Curing or smoking pork products
does not always destroy it. Humans are not susceptible to the disease, but they can spread it through
contaminated clothes or equipment. The clinical signs of African swine fever
are variable and not always easy to recognise. Typically, diseased animals will show
some or all of the following symptoms: High fever Weakness and reluctance to stand Vomiting Diarrhoea (sometimes bloody) Red or blue coloured skin,
particularly around the ears and snout Coughing and difficulty breathing Miscarriage, still births and weak litters Most of the diseased animals will die within 10 days Domestic pigs can be infected
in a number of ways including: Contact with contagious pigs
purchased in affected areas Being fed with kitchen waste
(it has been regulated and prohibited by EU law since 1980) Contact with contaminated materials, for instance from people wearing
contaminated footwear or clothing Contact your official veterinarian immediately if you suspect African swine fever
has infected your herd Do not move your animals from the farm Always change clothing
and footwear when leaving the farm Before purchasing feed, litter or pigs ensure that they come from
trust-worthy farms that have carried out the necessary measures
to protect their farms from the virus. Do not allow your pigs to have contact
with wild boar or pigs from other farms Never feed kitchen waste to pigs Avoid outdoor farming in areas
affected by African swine fever Do not acquire pork or pork products
from affected areas which could cause risk Wild boar hunters should not come
into contact with domestic pigs after hunting Hunters and farmers should not leave
offal from wild boar or domestic pigs in the fields and forests Do not leave food or waste in areas
where wild boar may be present Contact official veterinary authorities
when you find a dead wild boar even if the area has not been
affected by African swine fever

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