>>>Good evening, I’m José Cárdenas.>>>A report detailing the progress of minority students in Arizona from preschool to post secondary education.>>>And the new Phoenix city Councilwoman for district four is here to talk about her plans for her term in office.>>>Plus we’ll talk to an author and former television journalist about why he thinks ethnic studies should be taught in schools. All this coming up next on “Horizonte.”>>Funding for “Horizonte” is made possible by contributions by the friends of eight. Members of your Arizona PBS station.>>>Thank you for joining us.>>>The Arizona minority education policy analysis center, also known as AMEPAC, released its report, “Arizona Minority Student Progress Report 2013: Arizona in Transformation.” This report provides a snapshot of the educational achievement of minority students in Arizona. Joining me to talk about the report are AMEPAC committee members Susan Carlson, executive director for the Arizona business and education coalition, and Dr. Maria Harper-Marinick, executive vice chancellor and provost for Maricopa community college district. Thank you for joining us on “Horizonte.” Let’s start with you to talk about what AMEPAC is, and then we’ll get into more details.>>Thank you for having us, Jose.>>Thank you for joining us.>>AMEPAC is a policy analysis center of the Arizona commission for post-secondary education. We have representation from all of the public Universities, community colleges, both urban and rural colleges, the board of regents, the department of education, and of course ABEC. Our mission is to publish research of high-quality that could be used to stimulate conversations statewide about how we improve the access and the achievement of our minority students in all sectors of education. All levels of education.>>I know it’s been around for an a long time, but tell us about it.>>Thanks for having us here. Arizona business and education coalition, is a statewide organization, we’ve been around for 11 years. It was convened 11 years ago by business and education leaders because there’s a recognition that in fact the quality of our educational system has a direct relationship with the economy. Strong education, strong and attractive economy. Struggling education sand then we struggle to attract the businesses here we need. So we are a 501(c)3, our focus is on student performance, improving student performance and improving policy, public policy that supports public education, and we see the information in this document as a real call to action for all of us who care about the economy of Arizona.>>Maria, let’s talk about that call to action. Give us an overview of the report, and then we’ll talk about a few of the slides in the report.>>This is the fifth edition of the report, which is a progress report. It’s data, a snapshot, a point in time of how we’re doing in terms of educating our students. What it does don’t for clarity is explain why things are happening, why things are this way. So it is data, trend data. The first time we’ve had about 20 years worth of data in this report. And it talks about demographics of the state, talks about who are the students in our pipeline, beginning with pre-K through graduate school. And helps us understand if we have made any progress in terms of providing access, getting our students ready for college, and career, and helping our students succeed and achieve degrees.>>Let’s talk about some of the specifics. We’ve got a few slides to talk about in particular. The first one is entitled “age distribution by race and ethnicity.” What does this tell us?>>I think there’s one important point of the slide, and that is that the population of minority students, the young minority students, are now actually becoming the majority in our public school system.>>What we see on this slide, the green line represents Hispanics.>>Correct.>>And the yellow line would be the white population?>>Yeah. So one of the things that the study points out, which actually I learned from the study is that Arizona’s population consists of a larger proportion of American Indian and Hispanic individuals than any other state in our nation. And another important point is that as of 2010, Hispanics are the largest group of students in grades kindergarten through second grade. And that’s part of what the graphic is trying to show, that Hispanics now are becoming the majority in our K-12 system.>>Susan A. another — The next slide we want to talk about, which is educational assane imby race and ethnicity shows the two groups, American Indians and Hispanics, aren’t doing very well in the state of Arizona. We’re going put that slide up right here.>>Thank you.>>And the green is Hispanics and what would I call purple would be American Indian?>>Yes.>>Let’s talk about what it shows.>>So what that does show is, the expected attainment for the majority of students that are Hispanic or Native American in terms of high school diploma. So we have — That is what typically occurs across a students of color, that they — Many achieve their diploma but do not go on for post-secondary education. So the relevance of that information is, we know that students who do not go ahead and get their post-secondary education earn less money than those that do. So if we know that we have a large growing population of students of color, and in poverty, by the way, and we know if they don’t achieve post-secondary education, they will earn less in the future, then what does that mean in regards to the infrastructure of Arizona? Because high-paying jobs pay taxes that then build the infrastructure.>>What this shows is that Hispanics are the largest group with less than a high school diploma, and as you go on up to the educational ranks, that green bar gets smaller and smaller. It’s not a very promising picture. We’ve got one more slide to talk about. Which is Arizona in transformation. Maria, why the title and what does this show?>>That is actually the — Representing actual data. With the two lines cross, is the point where the –>>red is all minority groups and the yellow would be white?>>Correct. So what this is showing is that in about 2003 is when the population of what we’re calling minority students actually is becoming the majority students in our educational system. And that’s a point in time when that occurred, which is about>>And the gap is getting bigger.>>And the gap will get bigger, yes.>>So Susan, what does this mean for the future? What is AMEPAC, what is ABEC doing with this information?>>Let me just say this is not the only report there. Have been several reports which have demonstrated the situation that Arizona finds itself in. One was from the Morrison institute, and it was focused on work force. So for us, we see this situation as being a work force issue. Because it is going to dictate the future of Arizona. Morrison did a recent statewide poll that said only — Of the respondents, only 41% believe Hispanic students don’t do as well as whites because they haven’t seen this information. However, once informed, 49% were very concerned about the white-Hispanic education gap. And we would say probably it’s more than Hispanic or ethnicity than it’s an issue of poverty also. Because 25% of our students in schools are — Come from poverty. So what is the implication for Arizona citizens? And this is community — The if we don’t do something to improve these statistics, we are writing our future today for the next decade. This report actually does have a set of recommendations, and the recommendations actually are actionable. So one of the recommendations for ABEC is actually implementing some of the strategies that work.>>You’re talking to businesses and others?>>And one of our goals in doing that is to encourage the business community to participate in schools to be in front of kids to talk about what you can do when you have your degree.>>And on that note we’re going to have to end the interview, I’m sorry we’re out much time. Thank you both for joining us for talking about this very important topic.>>Thank you very much.>>To find out more information about what’s on “Horizonte,” go to www.azpbs.org and click on the “Horizonte” tab at the top of the screen. There you can access many features to become a more informed “Horizonte” viewer. Watch interviews by clicking on the video button or by scrolling down to the bottom of the page for the most recent segments. Learn about more specific topics like arts and culture and immigration. You can also find out what’s on “Horizonte” for the upcoming week. If you would like an RSS feed, a podcast or you want to buy a video, that’s all on our website too. Other features include our collection of website links and a special page for educators. While you’re there, show your support for “Horizonte” with just one click. Discover all that’s on “Horizonte.” Visit www.azpbs.org/horizonE today.>>>Educator Laura Pastor defeated Justin Johnson back in November in the race for the district four seat, which encompasses part of central and west Phoenix. She’s one of three women now on the Phoenix city council. Joining me to talk about her plan in office is Phoenix city councilwoman Laura Pastor. Congratulations first of all on your victory are.>>Thank you. And thank you for inviting me.>>Let’s start there. The election is over and I don’t want to dwell on it, but a quick synopsis of why you think you won over a very welt-financed, a lot of support at least in the business community for Mr. Johnson.>>Well, I’m reflection of the district. It’s a minority-majority district. The women is who carried me and the latinos are the ones who carried me in order to win the race.>>Let’s talk more about the demographics of the district. It seems to encompass the guts or the core of the city of Phoenix.>>So it encompasses the core, which is from the McDowell to Bethany and from 24th street to 56 Avenue. And I just pretty much — Mcdowell up to there. So it encompasses the core of central Phoenix, historic neighborhoods, and the west side, which is west Phoenix, which is the Alhambra, Maryvale and a little part of a little Estrella neighborhood. So it’s very diverse, it encompasses also the Phoenix art museum, the Phoenix theater, the Brett Tarver, golden gate. So we have a very diverse district.>>I know some of your activities involve some of these things, like the arts and parks. Before we get to that, you mentioned a moment ago that women carried you to victory and there’s been talk about the fact there are now three women on the Phoenix city council. How is that playing snout.>>You know, in doing research, we found out at one time there were four women on the city council. But with –>>I was wrong when I said it was historic.>>With the three women, I think the way it’s playing out is that there’s more dialogue happening, there’s openness, we’re all collaborating with one another. We’re wanting to look at different issues on how we work on those issues, and move policy through.>>Let’s talk about the issues that are of greatest importance to you. What are you focused on?>>Right now I’m focused on making sure we balance our budget, the other area I want to focus on is public safety, economic development, and making sure we maintain all our services.>>Any particular initiatives in those areas?>>Public safety is very important to me. Our public safety needs are health, especially in all our districts. But in particular district four, and I was running I discovered certain hot spots in our area, and I really want to go in and clean up those areas, get them to the level they need to be, and thrive, and be vibrant.>>Does that mean greater resources, more police officers?>>That means being more police, but that also means being very creative and collaborative with the neighborhoods and making sure we’re monitoring our neighborhoods.>>You mentioned a number of times the budget. How does that impact the kinds of things you want to do?>>Currently we’re at a deficit of 26 million, and we need to figure out how we’re going to balance it. I am — I was surprised by that, I wasn’t anticipating it to be that way, because previously, other reports were saying that we were doing well. And so that’s a great concern of mine, and how we do it, we’re going to have to work collectively together, work with our employees on how we’re going to balance our budget.>>There’s been a lot of talk about employee issues, I know there are negotiations going on, some of them involve — We’ve got this recent court ruling regarding police time for union activities. How are you balancing all that in terms of your relationships with the unions?>>Well, the way I look at it, because I’m a collaborator, I have approached it as, here’s our problem. Here are all the people that need to come to the table to solve the issue. What the unions — The labor groups, they understand that we’re in a deficit. I am asking, or several of them I’ve asked to come up with creative ways on how we can make sure we close the gap. And so that’s the way I’m looking at the issue. It’s not about us versus them, it’s about we and how we collectively solve the problem. It’s also including our neighbors, our constituents and our voters, and letting them have a voice in this budget process.>>Let’s talk about education, because that’s a big part of who you are. Your background, both here and in Chicago and so forth. What are you doing in that area?>>I serve as the chair on the days, parks, arts, and transparency board. I will be having my first meeting next week. I’m working closely with the education department. What I would like to do, the city has received a grant working with the community college, Phoenix college, south mountain, and Estrella, and so working with them to create, what is it going to look like and how are we going to be able to educate our population? And so it’s a collaboration also with Phoenix union, the high schools, and several of the elementary schools.>>We’re almost out of time, but I did want to talk about some much your outreach efforts. I know you’ve got some things coming up you wanted to discuss.>>I am. I’m going to have neighborhood action summits in all parts of the district. And the first one will be February 27th, and it will be hosted at golden gate, so anybody that wants to attend, it’s February 27th, and everybody is welcome to attend. We will be doing — We’ll be focusing on safety of our neighborhoods, we will also be focusing on economic development, and education. And so in their particular areas and how we can partner up with other agencies around the area.>>Congresswoman, congratulations on your victory and thank you for joining us on “Horizonte.”>>Pleasure.>>Here at “Horizonte” we want to hear from you. If you have comments, story ideas, or questions, email us at [email protected]>>>Get the inside scoop are or what’s happening at Arizona PBS. Become an eight insider. You’ll receive weekly updates on the most anticipated upcoming programs and events. Get the eight insider delivered to your email in box. Visit www.azpbs.org to sign up today.>>>ASU’s school of transborder studies hosted a book talk by author Jim Estrada. Estrada is a corporate marketing consultant and former San Diego television journalist. He wrote the book “The ABCs and ñ of America’s Cultural Evolution: A Primer on The Growing Influence of Hispanics, Latinos, and Mestizos in the USA” offering insight into today’s 53 million Hispanics. Estrada discussed economic reasons to learn Latino history and culture. Joining me now is Jim Estrada. Welcome to “Horizonte.”>>Thank you.>>Let’s talk about the book, beginning with the title. It’s an intriguing title.>>Well, I pondered this title for many years. It took me nine years to write this book. What I basically wanted to do is communicate how easily this concept is to grasp. The whole issue of cultural evolution. So the ABCs are the basic principles of just about every — Any given subject. The ABCs are the basics. Basically what I did is I added the Ñ, because of the cultural aspects of language.>>And the Ñ would be the point of distinction between Hispanic Latino culture and Angelo culture?>>It’s actually it’s the melding of the two. It’s no — No longer is it just the ABCs. Now it’s ABCs and Ñ. Because of the Spanish language component that latinos represent in the United States.>>And your book is basically a series of essays, on a variety of topics. Most of them educational I think in the sense of informing people about the background of latino-Hispanic people in the United States. Who’s your audience?>>Actually there’s two audiences. One I think is basically — Coming from a marketing communications background, it’s my peers. In the business. And public agencies, who want to be more effective in their interaction with the growing Hispanic consumer. The fastest growing consumer, voter, taxpayer, student enrollment, and members of the work force in this country are latinos. And we know very little about them. The second market and targeted audience are latinos themselves. We know very little about our own history. Because it’s not taught in our schools. So the whole issue here is how do we bring about this level of — How do we raise this level of awareness?>>You think it is important we talk about this in our schools, hence the focus or the topic that you spoke about which is ethnic studies. Very controversial issue here in Arizona as I’m sure you’re aware. What is the economic case for talking about ethnic studies in the schools?>>From a very personal perspective, I’ve been — for the past 25 years been educating or providing remedial education to marketing practitioners about the Latino segment of the population. As it continues to grow and impact in terms of consumerism, voting, student enrollment, we have to start coming to grips with a need to understand them a lot better. As a society. And if we’re going to be effective in our communications, our selling of products or services, our enrollment, talking to them as taxpayers, as employees, we have to have a better feel and understanding of who they are. And rather than having me come in or people like me to train practitioners about the Latino or other growing segments, ethnic segments of the community, I think it makes a lot of sense for us to start learning more about each other.>>Most of the students who will be taking these ethnic studies classes will be Latinos themselves. So in what way does that help in terms of understanding the different cultures?>>I believe very strongly that the high school — The high levels of dropout among Latinos, African-Americans, and other minority groups is due to the fact that there isn’t a lot of reflection of themselves or their communities in the history and the contributions that their communities have made to our society. And I think that developing some pride, if you look at incoming immigrants who have had schooling up to the sixth grade in their native lands, they come with a higher level of self-image, and psychologically a lot more healthy because they’ve been steeped in very positive ways and having them be reflected in their society and the role they play in it. I think we have to do the same thing. We’ve done it with white euro centric members of the population for years. We have a basically Europe- White European-based social construct around which we build our curriculum. Now it’s time to start adding to that curriculum, as time passes.>>one of the points you make in the book is it’s not enough just to know that there are Latinos out there, that they’re a big part of the population, but Latinos themselves, it’s quite a diverse group.>>Yes. I mean, we think –>>You can make mistakes if you assume it’s not.>>Yeah. Keep in mind that Pugh and Latino decisions have done surveys where over half of the nation’s population thinks that over half of all Latinos in this country are undocumented immigrants. And that attitude, not based on knowledge, but based on perceptions, is what leads us to a lot of disagreements over how to resolve many of our demographic issues.>>What do you think is the most important lesson a non-Latino would get from reading your book?>>I think an appreciation for the fact that we’re more the same — We’re more — We have more things in common than not. This is a nation of immigrants. And it’s just a matter of turning back the clock to see what part of England, what part of Germany, what part of France, what part of Holland, what part of the Scandinavian countries people came from. To become U.S. Americans.>>And a big part of what’s in common I would imagine, you talk a lot in the book about the patriotism of the Latino community.>>Yes. We’re basically, you negotiation I’m a veteran. And almost all the people that I grew up with are military veterans. So the whole idea that we’re not Americans or we’re not patriots to me is at times humorous. But I think until we educate people around us about our contributions and our role in the development of this nation, we’re committed to this nation being number one. And we think that if our numbers continue to grow as they will be, we’re going to be more influential in returning our country to its number one status in a number of areas. So it’s incumbent I think on a lot of people to start looking at all of us as a natural resource that has to be not only nurtured, but ensures that they are as successful as possible.>>I know you’re touring the nation, book tour, and you’ve stopped here, you had several meetings in Phoenix and by all accounts it went very well. Thank you so much for joining us on “Horizonte.”>>It’s my pleasure. Thank you.>>Pleasure having you here.>>>That is our show for tonight. From all of us here at eight and “Horizonte,” I’m José Cárdenas. Have a good night. Captioning Performed By LNS Captioning www.LNScaptioning.com>>>Funding for “Horizonte” is made possible by contributions by the friends of eight. Members of your Arizona PBS station.>>>Support for eight comes from viewers like you. And from –>>Deeann Griebel, now with Moor & Cabot investments, serving investors since 18support request all the, programming on eight Arizona PBS.>>>Eight HD. Eight life. And eight world. This is Arizona PBS. Supported by viewers like you. Thank you.>>>Don’t miss the return of eight’s “Check, Please! Arizona” festival at cityscape on Sunday, march 30th.>>We are having a delightful time, it’s one of our favorite shows, this is one of the best events in the state hands down.>>Taste and discover the best chefs and restaurants from your favorite episodes. Your admission includes all food, drink and live cooking demonstrations. For tickets visit www.azpbs.org/checkplease.>>>Eight’s on a mission to explore local history with the help of viewers like you for our brand-new show. Arizona collectibles. Expert appraisers are coming to our studio this spring for the filming and you and your treasures are the stars of the show. To get a chance for a free evaluation of your collectibles, just submit a photo and description of your item to www.azpbs.org/collectibles. You could be featured on the show. Or if you want to make sure you get your items evaluated, you can make a donation of $125 to ref guaranteed admission. Visit www.azpbs.org/collectibles today.>>>Coming soon top eight HD.>>On masterpiece.>>She was meeting a man.>>I want to keep it a secret.>>All I want is for you not to lose control of your life.>>I think I know how I can keep the baby.>>There’s a farmer whose family has been in downton for years.>>His lordship is back.>>What a relief to be able to drink in public.>>Downtown on masterpiece. on eight HD.>>>They dress as Martha Washington for an annual ball.>>The average gown costs around>>In this border town, these debutantes are Allah Tinas and the pressure is on.>>It was a shock to see somebody break down like that.>>She fit into the dress.>>A glorious melding of latina and American traditions in a lavish celebration.>>>Support for eight comes from viewers like you and from –>>closed captioning brought to you by northern Arizona University’s personalized learning program.>>Ironwood cancer and research centers. Providing treatment options through research trials, genetic testing and personalized counseling. Focused on emotional, physical, and social support. Outsmarting cancer, one patient at a time.>>>Scottsdale center for the performing arts presents Phoenix rising. Thundering rhythms of Japanese drums in a show of precision, power and speed. Two nights, February 20th and 21st. Scottsdale performing arts.org.