Studio One Show #529 – 2-18-16

– [Voiceover] From the
University of North Dakota in Grand Forks,
this is Studio One. – Hi, everyone, and
welcome to Studio One. I’m Kari Strandberg. – And I’m Avery Robb. – Today on the show, many
students study journalism each year in hopes of
scoring a reporter job on the national stage. We’ll talk to someone
who has been there and now teaches students how
to be successful in the field. – Also, a new Gallup Poll
finds obesity has reached another record high in the U.S. Learn how you can
take steps towards a healthier lifestyle
without going to the gym. But, first, Apple is
fighting a court order ruling that they help the FBI
hack into the phone of one of the San
Bernardino shooters. Protesters gathered in
front of an Apple store in San Francisco. The FBI hasn’t been able to
unlock the shooter’s iPhone without risking losing
all of the information. This is due to a security
feature that wipes all the information from
the phone after 10 failed passcode attempts. The FBI is asking Apple to
disable the security feature to allow them to crack the code. CEO Tim Cook called this
a dangerous precedent with serious implications
for future privacy. Firefighters saved two
dogs from a burning house in Duluth, Minnesota. Police say a neighbor
called in a fire and alerted them about
pets inside the home. Rescuers gave oxygen
to one that was found unconscious from
smoke inhalation. The homeowners decided
to take both pups to the vet to get checked out. No one was in the home
at the time of the fire. You might not believe lying
in bed for weeks at a time would be of any scientific
importance, but one NASA researcher would disagree. Ronita Cromwell recently
spoke to a group of UND space study students. She covered different
types of field experiments NASA uses to study the
effects of space exploration. One is a bed rest study
that creates a similar physiologic effect on
a person here on earth as they would
experience in space. – It’s important because
not all research can be done in space, and we need to prepare for longer duration missions. So, we will look to develop
countermeasures on the ground so that they’ll be ready
to fly when they’re needed. – [Avery] The current
focus at NASA is working with the German Space Agency
to study visual impairments in astronauts. This is one of the
many applications of
the bed rest study. – Sometimes, a warning
can keep us away from an unhealthy choice. A new study shows it
could steer parents away from the sweetest drinks. Researchers at the
University of Pennsylvania made sugar warning
labels and attached them to beverages. They then showed the drinks
to a group of parents who saw either no labels or one
of three different warnings. The warnings alerted
them that the added sugar contributes to obesity,
diabetes, and tooth decay. Parents who saw the
labels were on average 20% less likely to choose a
sugared drink for their kids. – When given the choice
to take the stairs or use an elevator, many
Americans are choosing the less labor-intensive option. This decision is only adding
to the national weight scale. – [Voiceover] Kaitlin Reitz
is a busy sophomore at UND. But between classes, there’s
another priority she fits in her schedule. – I usually do, every day,
unless, like last semester, on Thursdays, I had
class, like, all day, so I didn’t go, but then
I’d go on like Saturday or something. – [Voiceover] However,
hitting the gym isn’t on many
people’s to-do list. – About two-thirds of American
adults are what we consider to be overweight and/or obese. And about a third of
American adults are obese. – [Voiceover] Health
researcher Grant Tomkinson says an answer to fixing this
problem is physical activity, but it’s not the intense workout
you may think of at first. – We’re encouraging that
light to moderate physical activity that leaves you
somewhat to substantially tired, but you need to get it
throughout your day. So, household chores, you know, doing a little bit of gardening,
taking the rubbish out. – [Voiceover] The more
health-conscious decision is becoming more difficult
to make as technology grows. U.S. government recommends
no more than two hours of electronic screen time
beyond work or school. Tomkinson suggests combining
low-tech activities with high-tech in
pursuing things you love. – What we found was the hook. We found the hook
to get them involved in physical activity. We found what they liked. And now they were more willing
to try other activities, because they feel empowered. They felt really confident. – I was, like, not only with
like being healthy and stuff, it also helps your mind,
so you can clear your mind and, like, just completely
wipe everything. – [Voiceover] It’s
with one step at a time that many may choose to move
on to the path of health. I’m Taylor Nelson,
reporting for Studio One. – The U.S. government
suggests 60 minutes a day of moderate to
vigorous activity. However, Tomkinson points
out that this may be taken in smaller increments
throughout the day. That’s the news for now, Kari. – Thanks, Avery. Let’s go now to Kaela
Lucke for the weather news. Kaela? – Thanks, Kari. Here at the weather
studio, we’re taking a look at two of the most
popular vacation spots, California and Florida. Down in Florida, they
experienced an EF3
tornado this week, as it had over 152 mile per
hour winds in Century, Florida. The tornado lasted almost
17 miles and caused damage to numerous cars and buildings. Luckily, there were no
fatalities reported. Meanwhile, in California,
people were soaking up the sun and having a great time
on the local beaches as they’ve been
experiencing record-breaking high temperatures
throughout the week. The temperatures reach
as high as the mid-80s along the coast, and the
summer-like heat spells is about to continue for
the rest of the week. Now, while they have
been seeing all that sun, it can be a bad thing, as they
are experiencing a drought right now. And this is partly
due to the jet stream and the California Ridge. Now, the jet stream goes
from the west to the east, and it has these ridges
and these troughs. Now, we’re going to look
at the California Ridge, which is located here, and that
brings in sunnier conditions and drier weather into
California, which is aiding that drought that
they’re seeing. As we look at the drought
monitor six months back, we can see how that ridge
is affecting the drought and bringing in those
extreme conditions. As we look back to a
month ago, we can see how in Washington and Oregon,
they’re starting to see some relief out there, and
that is because that drought or that ridge is starting to
break down, which is actually bringing rain into that region. However, California doesn’t
look too good for you, and you could be
seeing some drought for a little while longer. Now, everyone remembers waking
up to frost in the morning, and there is a reason why
this delicate phenomenon is occurring. – [Voiceover] Every once in a
while in the dead of winter, Mother Nature gives us
something beautiful. – Like all the trees
are completely white, and it makes for really
good photography. And it’s basically
like living in a little winter wonderland. – [Voiceover] He’s talking
about frost, which he says forms when there’s
water in the air and freezing temperatures. – So, you’ll see
frost on the ground. If it’s cold enough, then
you’ll also see it on objects like trees and cars. – [Voiceover] He also says
there are different types of frost, the first
being hoar frost. – You can get these
really neat patterns that basically come
out from the objects. And so, it’s very delicate,
so if you touch it, it’ll fall off. But when you see all the
trees covered in white, that’s usually what’s happening. – [Voiceover] The other
type is rime frost. – And so, in freezing fog, we
actually have water in there, little tiny cloud
droplets at ground level. – [Voiceover] It’s
common with rime frost to see only one side
of the tree covered. Hoar frost will cover
an entire object. One of Aaron’s
favorite frost memories is from snowmobile race. – It was just out in the
country, and it was very serene, because the winds are still,
and you could see the fresh traction of the snow
from the animals. And it’s just
serene and peaceful. – [Voiceover] Next time you
find yourself in a winter wonderland, you’ll know there
might be more than one type of frost at work. Reporting for Studio One,
I’m Phoebe Eichhorst. – Now, when that frost… When the sun comes up,
that frost is all gone, so it’s important to go out
and enjoy it while you can. And that brings us to our
weather question of the week. What was the costliest
drought in U.S. history? And those years range
from 850 to 1090, and from 2001 to 2003. And Kari, you might be
wondering why we know that there’s a drought in 850,
and that’s actually due to scientists taking a look at
ice cores and tree rings. – Wow, that’s unbelievable
that they can go back that far. Thanks, Kaela. Let’s head on over now to
Avery for the sports story of today’s show. Avery? – Thanks, Kari. North Dakota is known
for its cold winters, but one group of
youngsters in Grand Forks braved the chill at
a local watering hole and reeled in some
useful skills. – [Voiceover] Many of
today’s children spend a majority of their time
indoors, occupying themselves with television and video games. Cabela’s fishing expert
Brad Olson wants to help change that. – Oh, it’s very important
nowadays with all of the electronics that are
easily at their fingertips. It’s a good opportunity
to get the kids out and enjoy the outdoors. – [Voiceover] Cabela’s,
along with a number of local sponsors, have made it
their mission to get the area youth exposed
to nature by holding the first annual
Cabela’s On Ice. – Yeah (laughs). Oh, there’s the bottom. There it is. Oh, there’s a fish. – Today here on Ryan
Lake, kids got to learn the importance of
being outdoors. And what one kid told me,
they learned patience. – [Voiceover] 30 kids got
the opportunity to spend a day with their parents,
learning the ins and outs of ice fishing, while
given the chance to catch a blue gill or a rainbow trout. – Nice view, from the
hill, of the pond here. So, and I thought it’d
be nice that the girls get exposed to some ice fishing. – That’s the old-fashioned
way of looking for fish. Look down the hole (laughs). – A lot of parents
are busy with work and don’t always have the time,
so it’s a good opportunity to get them involved. – [Voiceover] With a
total of 10 fish on a line and a net full of memories, (loud cheering) these kids landed a
successful day on the lake. This is Jake Larson,
reporting for Studio One. – Cabela’s supplied all of
the fishing gear and bait for the young anglers,
as well as hot chocolate for the parents
who tagged along. All of the fish caught were
released back into the lake. That’s the sports story
for today’s show, Kari. What a great day to
be out on the lake. – Yeah, it’s great that they
got all those kids outdoors. – Yes. – Thanks, Avery. Some people are
natural storytellers. Others may need some guidance. Next, we’ll meet a professional
storyteller who is teaching others his ways. (upbeat music) – [Voiceover] Closed
captioning for Studio One is underwritten in part by NDAD, helping others to
help themselves. (chanting) – [Voiceover] For me to go
to college, it was, it was a big step, knowing that
I’m pursuing a better future for myself. When you know that you
have a small system there that you can still find
comfort in, it really makes a difference. The support here and
everything that they offer for us and all the tutors,
the free meals, the family, the friends, basically
just somewhere for you to relax and be
comfortable and find that home feeling again. (upbeat music) ♪ Yeah, uh ♪ Okay, science
meets imagination ♪ Life changed by innovation ♪ For the future of our nation ♪ Engineering is the occupation ♪ UND College of
Engineering & Mines ♪ Invest in your mind
to stay with the times ♪ Formulas, machines,
and all that’s in between ♪ They teach it all from wall
to wall to help you succeed ♪ Come on ♪ It could be electrical,
chemical, or civil ♪ Our world-class staff will
help you make it all official ♪ Mechanical, petroleum,
geology, or line ♪ – At UND’s College of
Engineering & Mines. ♪ Okay, become a leader,
prove yourself among ♪ All your peers ♪ Changing the world
begins right here ♪ You’re not alone,
but in the plan ♪ We’ll take your hand
and help you stand ♪ With mentorship and advisement ♪ We’ll do all we can, okay ♪ So if you want to join
the party, simply calculate ♪ The math adds up, so
never think to hesitate ♪ Education, leadership,
and dreams combined ♪ At UND College of
Engineering & Mines ♪ – [Voiceover] I really love UND. – [Voiceover] This is exactly
what I want to be doing. And, you know, with this
program, I get to do it. – [Voiceover] It’s very tailored
to what your interests are and what your future goals are. – [Voiceover] By
the time I graduate, I will have a stacked resume. – [Voiceover] This grad
program has been unbelievable. It has literally been
a dream come true. – [Voiceover] With
more than 120 degree and certificate programs, the
UND School of Graduate Studies is your path to success. – [Voiceover] Closed
captioning for Studio One is supported in part
by the Listen Center, enriching the lives
of people who have intellectual
disabilities, with choices in community recreation. (upbeat music) – Many reporters dream
of telling stories for a national
news organization. The hard part is learning how
to get from a local affiliate to the big leagues. Former PBS Frontline
reporter Mark Trahant is here to tell us about his
journey in the media world. Thanks for being on
the show with us today. – I’m glad to be here. – So I heard that you started
reporting in your teens. What did you start off doing? – I started a small newspaper
in a tribal community for Hull, Idaho. And I couldn’t find a
real job after that. – And so you did some
reporting for PBS’ Frontline series as well. Can you tell me a
little bit about that? – Sure. I’ve worked on Frontline
a couple of times. The most recent was
a pretty tough story involving sexual
abuse in Alaska, and it was actually a story
that was so complicated, I wasn’t sure I wanted to do. But as I got into the
reporting side of it, realized that it was
a phenomenal story, and I wanted to tell it. – And what was the
most reporting… Or rewarding part
about doing that story? – The people involved,
the resilience, the ability to rise above
the challenges they faced growing up. – And you also had
a blog that you have that’s free to the media. What is the purpose of that? – I decided that nobody was
covering American Indians in elections, and decided
to be really comprehensive about it. And, actually, I started
off with health reporting during the healthcare reform
debate, and it’s kind of just become more about elections. Really, it’s an all-purpose
site that has everything from elections to county
commission to state legislatures to congress. – And how do you think that
the evolution of technology has changed the
journalism field? – Oh, it’s changing
everything every day. It’s like an entirely
different world. I expected, when
my career began, to be entirely a
newspaper editor, and never expected I
would be doing television. And the opportunities
for a young person now are greater than ever because
things are being invented. There’s news media
companies that didn’t exist five years ago that
are out hiring people, saying, “Astonish us.” – And how did you transition
from being a reporter now to teaching? – I’ve been doing a
little bit for a while, and I always continue
to practice reporting, so I stay pretty current. I think I tried to just, to
be open and talk to students about how this is such a
great time of opportunity and to be prepared for it. – And how important do you
think it is that you had so many experiences
that you can share with your students? – Oh, I think that’s invaluable. For one thing, I’ve made
some mistakes over the years. And because I can relate
to those mistakes, perhaps, save a student
one or two along the way. – (chuckles) And you’ve
also been doing reporting while you’re teaching
this semester. That has to be a lot. How are you juggling that? – I get up early. I think it’s important
to stay current, and to try to show students
as well as yourself that you’re not just
teaching this stuff, that you’re actually
practicing it. And writing is something
that’s a muscle that needs to be exercised. You can’t just do it one
day and go away for a while. You have to keep at it. – What’s your favorite
part about teaching? – Probably surprising
people with stories they didn’t know, and
enlightening folks with ideas. – And so, what’s next for
teaching your students? With all these changes in
technology and everything, what have you been doing lately? – Well, the big one is we’ll
be announcing the details very soon, but we’re starting
an indigenous news project involving students,
indigenous news network. And our idea is that there’s
not enough native students in North Dakota that pull
off a major news operation. So why not broaden it and
include native students from the entire country? And so we’ll actually
be hiring freelancers, and we’ve got two
editors working now. And soon we’ll have
a product to show. – And so, what are some
of the bigger lessons that you need to give
students so that they’re ready for that? – Be open to technology
and how it’s changing the field dramatically. It used to be that you
would need a satellite truck and some really
sophisticated equipment to tell a story live. Now, you can pull
out a cellphone, as Studio One did
a few minutes ago, with a periscope. The opportunity to tell
stories, dramatic stories, powerful stories, with very
little expensive technology, is a whole game-changer. When I talk to students,
many of them tell me they want to work at VICE News, they want to work at AJ+. They’re seeing these new
media operations and saying, “This is the kind of
storytelling I’d like to do.” – Can you give me a specific
example that you’ve seen of how technology
has changed recently in the media industry? – Oh, sure. The first one was, me
going back to Frontline, the first time I did a
Frontline, I had a full crew. We did everything by the book. After eight hours,
we went into overtime and had very strict rules. The second time I did
it, they just said, “Here are the
parameters of the story. “Here’s a set amount. “We don’t care how you do it. “Just deliver something.” Then, most recently,
a couple of years ago, I did a story for the
News Hour, and we shot with one regular portable
camera, but we also shot with a DSLR. And as we’re editing, I
found we’re using almost all the stuff from the DSLR. And it occurred to me that
the technology has changed so much that you don’t
need the same tools you did before, that really
it’s more accessible. – It’s incredible how
well that’s been going with technology lately. Thanks for being on the
show with us today, Mark. – Glad to do it. – Wild game can be a
delectable dish to serve at any platter. Coming up, we’ll see why
one small town is using the benefits of
hunting season to bring the community together. (upbeat music) (hurried footsteps) (loud scream) (loud cheering) – Hit! Hit! (loud cheering) – [Voiceover] It’s not the
size of the woman in the fight. It’s the size of the
fight in the woman. (upbeat music) – [Voiceover] North Dakota
is facing challenges in healthcare delivery. The University of North
Dakota School of Medicine and Health Sciences is
building a place to help meet the state’s
healthcare needs. In addition to a new
structure, we’re also building interaction between
healthcare professionals while building a workforce
through expanding class sizes. We’re inspiring our youth to
engage in healthcare careers and exploring ways
to reduce disease. It starts here and ends here. Building a better
future for North Dakota. (upbeat music) – I really admire the faculty. They’re the ones that
kind of helped push me through this. – Courses are hands-on
and interactive. – The communication program
has so many different facets to it. One of the great
things about the staff in the communication
department is that they love what they do. They encourage you to really
critically think and analyze everything you’re learning. – They’re so into it, and it
makes you want to be into it. – [Voiceover] To have
the future you want and a career you’ll be
proud of, you’ll need a great education. The University of North
Dakota can get you there, with more than 225
degree programs, preparing you for
today’s fastest-growing, high-demand careers, like
medicine and health professions, aerospace, business,
engineering, and energy. Schedule your campus
visit today at Because to succeed, you
need to be exceptional. – [Voiceover] If you would
like to attend a live show, go to our website at – The 1930s were a tense
time on a global scale as World War II was unfolding. The 1936 Olympics was a
highly publicized spectacle. Countries used their
athletes to showcase their nation’s strength. The movie Race is based on
the true story of Jesse Owens, an African American runner. He is brought to
international attention for his participation in the
Olympics in Berlin, Germany. Owens faces Adolf Hitler’s
vision of Aryan supremacy as he strives for
international domination. – Being a track athlete is
one thing, but, you know, being a track athlete in
1936 is a whole other thing, you know. They didn’t have the
benefit of, you know, the type of shoes we have,
the type of training. – [Kari] During the
production of the screenplay, writers tried to focus on
the most eventful years of the legendary runner’s life. They began at the age of
19, when he first arrived at Ohio State University,
and ended with his triumphant run two years later
on the world stage. Race is released February
19th, with a PG-13 rating. The FAA is trying to hold
UAS owners more accountable for safety in the air. Now, all owners of drones
between half a pound to 55 pounds must
register them online. The goal of this mandatory
registration is to find those who misuse drones and
to increase safety overall. We wanted your thoughts
on whether mandatory drone registration will
help reduce illegal or unsafe usage. – It will stop
the honest people. There are always going to be
some people that are going to do it illegally,
no matter what. – Yes, I think registering
them would reduce the risk of injuring
people or planes and stuff like that. – I don’t really know. I don’t think so. People are going to what
they’re going to do with them. And I don’t know how
much harm can be done with the ones that they
sell right now anyway. – I don’t know how
you’re going to control how they use it by
having it registered. It doesn’t make
any sense, really. – It had to be looked at,
as far as for safety reasons as opposed to maybe people’s
rights or liberties, as far as wanting to use them. – I don’t know if
it will stop them, but it probably will make
it more difficult for them to use them illegally. – [Voiceover] A comment
on Facebook from Austin in Wilmar, Minnesota: I still think the uneducated
public that owns them will do whatever they
want until caught. Instead of registration
to fix the problem, I think they need to focus
more on educating users. And from Dan in
Manassas, Virginia: Registration would prevent
air traffic control and airport management
from having to deal with unknown pop-up UAS traffic. And it would prevent
any illegal activity from occurring, as they
would be required to file UAS flight plans. – Culture, customs, and cuisine,
all make up the heritage found in cities and communities. One small town uses
an annual cook-off to showcase theirs. – And they’ve already started
all of these five batches. – [Voiceover] Back in
the winter of 1986, in the midst of deer season, competition arose between
Chris Misialek and his buddies. – I’m just about
tired with you guys. – [Voiceover] But it wasn’t
about the best set of antlers. – Guys thought that their
sausage was the best, so we said, “Okay, Friday
night, we’ll get some guys “together and we’ll have some
judges, and we’ll see who “makes the best sausage.” – [Voiceover] That contest
grew into what is now the Minto Bologna Cook-Off. The event has grown
over its 30 years, and so has the competition. – These guys are
really particular on
making the sausage. – And then, and it sort
of gives us a reason to get together, and like
I said, brag or pick on each other, or whatever. – [Voiceover] You won’t find
this kind of bologna prepacked in the deli aisle. This fresh, homemade
meat comes in a variety, from beef to bison to elk. Competitors bring in two
rolls of their best bologna, one for the contest
and the other for the community to eat. – I’m just thinking of my
boy for a couple of years. He didn’t want to make
bologna or do anything else. Now, the last couple of
years, he’s gotten into it. And I keep my recipes
and everything and sort of pass it on. – [Voiceover] With over 140
entries, the judges can only select one winner. – We didn’t like that. It was a little bit dry. – [Voiceover] But at
the end of the night, it’s not the amount of
entries but the support for the community
that means the most. – Without doing fundraisers
like this, I mean, our girls wouldn’t get half
the chances and opportunities that they do get. – [Voiceover] The entry fee
for each bologna submitted goes directly to the
Minto Girl Scouts. Parent volunteers and
troop leaders put in over a month’s worth of
preparation for the event. – It’s a great
feeling to get back. I hope other people can
see it, and I’ve been in the business now for
30 years, and I hope when I retire, somebody
else will take it on and keep the tradition going. – [Voiceover] A tradition
that has people coming back for more than just the bologna. I’m Jake Ocken,
reporting for Studio One. – The money raised helps
fund different projects and trips for the troops. Last year, the Minto Girl
Scouts were able to make and donate crafts,
baskets, and cards for the veterans
at the VA Hospital. Kari, it’s cool to see
the competitive side, but it’s also nice
to see them take it a step further and
just donating the money to the girls. – I think it’s great
that that event benefits more than one group, too. Thanks, Avery. Now, let’s join Kaela
for the final look at the weather. Kaela? – Thanks, Kari. Let’s look at the
temperatures for the week. In the west coast, it’s
going to stay pretty warm in our region or out west. And in California, they
could be seeing some record-breaking temperatures
again this week. However, it’s going to
stay pretty chilly down in places like Florida,
and they could hit lows in the mid-40s. As we go into
precipitation for the week, much of the United States
is going to stay drier. However, on the east
coast, they could be seeing some snow, and down south,
we could see some rain. And that brings us to our
weather question of the week. And that answer is actually C,
the drought of 1987 to 1989. Now, Kari, it cost
almost $40 billion. – Thanks, Kaela. And that’s our show for today. As always, you can follow
us through social media or get more information
on our website. – From all of us at Studio
One, have a great week. (upbeat music)

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